Botulinum toxin (Botox)
Botox injections is the most performed aesthetic procedure worldwide according to ISAPS (International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons)
Botulinum Toxin acts as a muscle relaxant by blocking the impulses produced by the face nerves.
It is a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Сlostridium Botulinum. The discovery was registered in 1897 and first publications regarding its use for aesthetic purposes appeared in 1992. Botulinum Toxin blocks transmission of nerve impulses from neurons to muscle fibres. Thereby, the injected muscle remains in a lasting relaxation condition.
Botulinum Toxin is the most often performed procedure for smoothing the expression lines in the upper third part of the face – between the eyebrows (glabellar frown lines), around eyes and forehead.
Botulinum Toxin is also applied in neck area, fine lines around mouth; to tighten face contours and to target the neck and jawline area for an uplifting and tightening effect /Nefertiti Lift/. Botulinum Toxin is able to take away the tired and grey look and to restore youthful appearance and natural oval of the face.
Using it for control of excessive sweating /hyperhidrosis/ affecting palms, axillas, feet, etc. is also popular.
Botulinum Toxin injections enjoys a wide popularity because of their quick action, reliability and safety. It is a substance that works well in combination with other rejuvenation procedures like mesotherapy, fillers, laser resurfacing, peels and others. In a long-term plan, Botulinum Toxin procedures reduce the appearance of new wrinkles and can be used as prevention upon younger patients.
Procedure duration and expected results
The manipulation is short; it takes 10 – 15 minutes and is performed by a trained doctor.
The initial action of Botox can be seen within 2 – 5 days, and the final effect develops within 14 days. After the first procedure, the relaxation period lasts about 4-6 months. In this time, it is degraded from enzymes in the body and nerve endings restore their former function. The next injection, used 4+ months later, guarantees a prolonged effect.
Complications of Botulinum Toxin therapy are minimal and transitional.