DRY EYE SYNDROME - WHAT IS IT AND HOW CAN WE TREAT IT?

SKIN LINE | MARCH 2023

Dry eye syndrome is a chronic eye disease, which combines different conditions and problems connected to insufficient or lacking tear secretion. It is most often seen in women around or after menopause, but it can affect people of any gender and age.

In a large part of the cases, the problem is being ignored, which causes complications and makes it more difficult to treat. If you feel discomfort or like your eyes are not moist enough we advise you to consult with a specialist. Don’t use eye drops without consulting a doctor, as this may hurt your cornea or worsen the overall condition.

Our aesthetic and dermatological clinics Skin Line work in many different medical specialties and offer our patients innovative procedures, therapies and non-invasive technological methods. In our clinics, you can find treatment of the dry eye syndrome with Lumenis IPL, and at the moment we are working on including another service requiring very high class technology. Keep an eye on our website and social media to learn more about the innovative technology.

What causes the syndrome?

What are the symptoms that can help you identify the problem?

The tear film is that which moistens the eyes and protects them from different environmental factors. Except when we’re crying, tears are being secreted in a smaller quantity all the time. They form the so called tear film, which is being spread evenly when we blink.

The dysfunction of the tear glands can be caused by many different factors, but the most common causes are advancing age, intake of specific medications and autoimmune conditions. Changes in the levels of specific hormones can also cause the syndrome, which is why pregnant and nursing women are prone to developing it, as well as those taking hormonal contraceptives. Unhealthy eating habits also influence eye health, which is why you should make sure that your diet includes enough vitamins and that you include different food groups in your diet.

Even though it is strongly recommended that you consult with a specialist anytime you feel discomfort connected to the eyes, there are a few main symptoms according to which you can gain an understanding. If you often complain of dryness, itching, or burning, there is a high probability that you suffer from dry eye syndrome.

If it is difficult for you to open your eyes after waking up, you must consult an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. Feeling a foreign body in your eye is another frequent symptom you should not ignore. Patients who spend a lot of time in a dusty environment or work with computers daily are recommended to make changes in their daily routine until they get the condition under control.

Which are the factors that contribute to the development of dry eye disease?

Advice for prevention of the condition:

Smoking is the main factor, which is connected to the development or worsening of the condition. The tear film is destroyed by the smoke, which leads to drying of the eyes and the appearance of the syndrome. Some people are more sensitive to the harmful chemicals, which is why it is recommended to give up cigarettes completely instead of using eye drops or other medications that have not been prescribed by a doctor.

Low quality cosmetics can also cause dry eye, which is why you should be careful when choosing mascara, eyeliner and eye cream. If you are using eye pencil, for example, which is being applied on the inner rim of the eye, there is a high probability that the symptoms get worse. In case you notice that a given product does not react well with your eyes stop using it and consult a specialist.

Even though in a big part of cases, dry eye syndrome is chronic, you can make some changes in your daily routine that can improve your condition. If you work on a computer or spend a lot of your time with digital devices, make short breaks every 20 minutes while blinking.

In case you are using contact lenses every day, we advise you to also have glasses available. Sometimes, contact lenses maintain their good condition by pulling moisture away from the eye. This causes breakdown of the tear film, which is a factor contributing to dry eye syndrome.

What are the methods for treating the disease?

Dry eye syndrome is a complex disease, which is why treatment is individual and depends on the specific complaints.

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