What is acne and what are the causes of it?

Acne is a very common problem that causes pimples on the face, neck, back or chest area. It varies in type and severity, from light foci with black and white dots to heavy foci with cysts. Acne can lead to scars that are very visible and affect the patient’s well-being.

Active acne

It is generally accepted that acne can only affect young people during puberty, but the problem can actually occur in people of all ages and cause scarring and self-esteem.


The condition is caused by blockage of hair follicles in the skin due to high production of sebum, an oily substance that hydrates the skin and hair. Sebum mixes with dead skin cells, clogging the hair follicle, causing it to swell, causing white spots. If the follicle is open to the skin, the created point will be black. In more serious cases, pimples can become contaminated with the skin’s natural bacteria, causing an infection that leads to papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.

High testosterone levels are another cause of teenage acne – the sebaceous glands respond to the hormone by producing more sebum. Other causes of acne can be genetic, or the condition can be caused by medications, cosmetics or diet.

Treatment of active acne in Skin Line

After a thorough dermatological examination, dermatologists at Skin Line will offer you the most appropriate treatment for your type of acne. It may include laser therapy, mesotherapy or combination therapy involving laser and mesotherapy with active products. In severe cases of active acne, we may prescribe you antibiotic treatment.

Treatment of acne scars in Skin Line

After successful treatment of active acne, most patients have shallower or deeper scars on the skin affected by acne.

Our dermatologists will offer you appropriate therapy to remove acne scars. It may include fractional laser peeling with CO2 laser, fraxelated radiofrequency microneedling with Morpheus8 or laser procedures with ResurFX with Lumenis.

See our suggestions for treating active acne or its scars here.


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