Pigment spots - nature and treatment

No matter what age you are, at some point you may notice that your skin is darker in places or small spots have appeared that are a different colour to the rest of your body. Such areas are known as pigment spots, or hyperpigmentation.

The characteristic uneven skin coloration and pigmentation on the face, hands, and body is complained of by many people, and although the presence of hyperpigmentation is generally not dangerous, it is perceived as an aesthetic imperfection. Fortunately, today there are extremely effective ways to remove skin pigmentation.

If your loved one or you are experiencing a problem like facial hyperpigmentation, the following lines will help you learn more about pigment spots and how they are treated.

пигментни петна

What are pigment spots and why do they appear?

If you are somewhat familiar with the structure of the skin, you probably know that the pigment melanin protects it from UV rays. It is also responsible for the dark complexion we get after sunbathing.Melanin synthesis is carried out by melanocytes. These cells start to produce more melanin as a protective reaction if you expose yourself too long in the sun. This is how pigment spots are formed, which is where the excess pigment actually accumulates.Apart from prolonged sun exposure, there are other factors that cause pigment spots to appear. Also called "melanodermias", they can be due to internal causes, due to which melanin is synthesized in a larger amount, or artificially imported pigment through various medications, chemical substances and dyes from tattoos.

Among the most common causes of pigment spots are:

  • hormonal changes commonly seen in pregnant, post-menopausal women or those using hormone-based contraceptives;
  • skin inflammations and injuries such as acne, psoriasis, burns, atopic dermatitis, cuts, etc.;
    certain diseases – gastrointestinal, autoimmune, metabolic disorders;
  • certain medications – used for seizure prevention, antibiotics, in chemotherapy;
  • advancing age accompanied by unregulated cell metabolism and increased melanin production;
    heredity also refers to the factors leading to the formation of hyperpigmentation. People with darker colour and with freckles are genetically predisposed to it;
  • 2 individual cases of pigment spots can also occur with cosmetic interventions.

Hyperpigmentation is expressed both in small spots and in the form of larger areas in different areas of the body. Usually, most pigmentation spots are seen on the face, but cases of pigmentation under the arms, pigmentation on the legs and even pigmentation of the private parts are not rare.

While it is not always possible to prevent hyperpigmentation, there are some things that minimize the risk of its occurrence. The most important thing is to keep sun exposure to short periods, using an appropriate sunscreen all year round.

Another thing that can help is to consult a doctor immediately if you notice that your prescribed medications or cosmetics are causing pigment spots, so that you can be prescribed an adequate alternative.

The simplest, harmless but without much effect depigmenting topical treatments are superficial peels and scrubs.

However, if preventive measures and home methods have not prevented the appearance of pigment spots, trust modern treatment methods.

How is hyperpigmentation treated at Skin Line?

With the means of aesthetic dermatology today it is possible to erase pigment spots in a completely safe and painless way. In Skin Line aesthetic and dermatological clinics, trained specialists treat the manifestations of hyperpigmentation with up-to-date methods and high-end equipment.

Hydrafacial - за третиране на пигментни петна


The Hydrafacial procedure is suitable for treating mild forms of hyperpigmentation as it performs a gentle chemical peel and exfoliation of the surface layer of the skin. It ensures long-term skin health and can be adapted to the specific needs of all skin types. It offers immediate, noticeable results with no recovery period or irritation. The Hydrafacial removes dead skin cells and draws out impurities while saturating new skin with cleansing, hydrating and moisturizing serums. The treatment is soothing, refreshing, non-irritating and has an immediate effect.

класическо почистване на лице

Chemical peeling

Through an appropriately selected chemical agent by dermatologists on the skin is acted for about 30-45 minutes. In addition to regulating sebaceous secretion and shrinking pores, along with smoothing acne scars and other skin imperfections, unaesthetic pigmentation is also removed. Medium deep peels have an extremely beneficial effect on spots resulting from sunburn or trauma, and even out the complexion.

PRP Centrifuge

PRP plasmotherapy

In the innovative method of plasma therapy, stem cells in the epidermis are activated with the help of plasma from the patient, enriched with biologically active components. The formation of new collagen and new blood vessels is stimulated. The improved skin microcirculation thus favours the regeneration and formation of new tissue. An even complexion and a strong reduction of hyperpigmentation are achieved.

третиране на пигментни петна с мезотерапия


In the medical technique called mesotherapy, a healing cocktail of different active substances is injected at different depths into the skin, depending on the area being treated and the products and techniques used. In this way, cell metabolism is aided, collagen and elastin synthesis is stimulated and pigment formation is controlled.

LASERfacial pict

Laser Facial

One of the most suitable treatments for hyperpigmentation is with a laser. The Nd:YAG laser used at Skin Line has a 1064 nm beam length and in just 15 minutes it can shrink pores, reduce oil, treat fine lines, improve skin texture and reduce hyperpigmentation.Laser cleansing is completely painless and safe, and after the procedure, in addition to all the other positive effects, you will notice an immediate change in pigment spots. Laser resurfacing can be used in conjunction with traditional manual extraction, alternated with it, or in combination with a variety of device cleanings.

третиране на пигментни петна с Lumecca IPL

IPL Photofacial

The Lumenis IPL or Inmode Lumecca IPL treatment aims to renew the skin on the surface and in its deeper structures. It uses wavelength light that is attracted to the pigment and surface blood vessels in the skin. Dark spots, sun damage and broken capillaries absorb the energy from the laser. As a result, the pigment damage gradually lightens and the broken blood vessels close and eventually disappear. Your skin is left clearer, more even and much brighter!

третиране на пигментни петна с СО2 лазер

Laser fractional peeling

The fractional laser procedure aims to renew the skin on the surface and in its deeper structures. The natural healing powers of the body are involved in the process thanks to the micro-beams from the fractional laser. They penetrate the epidermis and form micro-thermal zones, ablation takes place and old collagen as well as excess pigment is destroyed by thermal impact. In addition to this, the fibroblasts are stimulated to form new collagen fibers.Used for pigment spots, the fractional peel laser is a perfect way to remove hyperpigmentation not only on the face, but on other areas as well.Although the effect is visible after the first treatment, a series of 3-4 with repeatability every few weeks is recommended.

The Skin Line specialists apply the appropriate treatments according to the specifics of the skin and its needs.

Different types of pigmentation require different approaches. Careful planning of specific steps and the appointment of individual therapies ensure optimal results, whether it is hyperpigmentation on the face or another area on the body. Appropriately chosen therapy will be of great benefit in reducing pigment spots or eliminating them altogether, among dozens of other benefits for healthy and radiant skin.

See prices for hyperpigmentation treatments at Skin Line or buy online:

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